Rails: can not be used with :count => 1. key ‘one’ is missing.

If you ever encountered this error probably you are trying to add/access a I18n key for a `enum` attribute. For example if my model has a `enum` value like below.

class Shipment < ApplicationRecord
   enum delivery_option: {"arrival_notice":"arrival_notice", "arrival_schedule": "arrival_schedule"}
end

If we want to internationalize the `values` as

Call/notify before delivery and Delivery appointment required

. In your en.yml you need to specify as below.

en:
  activerecord:
    attributes:
      shipment:
        delivery_option:
          one: 'Delivery Option'
          arrival_notice: "Call/notify before delivery"
          arrival_schedule: "Delivery appointment required"

I18n expects the name of-the field as the first key/value.If you forget that then you see this error. Happy coding!

When to define default constructor in java

In Object Oriented Programming calling constructor is the first step of initialization an object. There are 2 types of constructors – default and parameterized.

Default – Constructor that take zero argument is called Default Constructor. Every class needs a default constructor. A default (no-argument) constructor is automatically created only when you do not define one yourself.

Parameterized – Constructor that take arguments are called parameterized Constructors.

They can be added as per our requirement.

When you declare a parameterized constructor you must add default constructor as java stops creating one.

How to configure postgres data base in a spring boot application

There are 2 steps involved in configuring postgres sql data base to a spring boot application assuming we already have data base setup.

  1. Add postgres sql dependency to pom.xml.

postgres_pom

2. We need to tell Spring container to look into postgres by changing the application.properties.

application.properties

So the list of possible options for ddl-auto are

  • validate: validate the schema, makes no changes to the database.
  • update: update the schema.
  • create: creates the schema, destroying previous data.
  • create-drop: drop the schema when the SessionFactory is closed explicitly, typically when the application is stopped.

I added spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.jdbc.lob.non_contextual_creation=true as the server is throwing following warning while startup.

java.sql.SQLFeatureNotSupportedException: Method org.postgresql.jdbc42.Jdbc42Connection.createClob() is not yet implemented.

Now restart server and you should see successful db connection logs. When the connection is successful spring container tries to validate the entities in the project to the db tables.

Happy coding!

Update and Validate a rails hstore column

Rails Update hstore column

For example if i have a hstore column like below

settings public.hstore DEFAULT '"currency"=>"USD"'::public.hstore NOT NULL,

Now I will update the column to add preferences in a migration as below

class AddPreferencesToUser < ActiveRecord::Migration[5.1]
  def change
    reversible do |dir|
      dir.up do
        update <<-SQL
          UPDATE users SET settings = settings || hstore('preferences', '');
SQL
end
end
end

 Validation

Assume we want to validate preferences to be one of  facebook, twitter, linkedin these.

the validation looks this. as enum doesn’t work with hstore key well.

store_accessor :preferences validates :preferences, inclusion: ['facebook', 'twitter', 'linkedin'], allow_blank: true

see you next time!

Java vs Ruby

Runtime differences:

In Java the program always starts with a main method. Ruby program by default creates a main Object which is an instance of class class and then starts execution on it(weird!). It always starts reading from the first line of the file, there is no specific starting point.

So when you create a ruby test file HelloWorld.rb with below statement

puts "HelloWorld"

execute it in terminal with ruby HellowWorld.rb . Ruby interpreter creates main object and then starts to execute puts.(puts is an instance method from kernel module. These methods are called without a receiver).

To test this go to terminal irb and do the following.

ruby main object

Execution differences:

Java is a compiled language so the execution is a 2 step process. compile + run.

Ruby is an interpreting language.

Both Java compiler and Ruby interpreter are written in C.

Programatic differences:

Ruby is completely object oriented what does that mean from a java perspective ?

– In java we have primitive data types such as int, float etc along with Classes and Objects. In Ruby Integer, Float etc are also Classes inherited from Numeric class which intern inherited from Object class. here is a detailed image taken from rubylearning.com which explains this.

class

So when you create an Integer in ruby you are creating a object for Integer class.

One more important ruby feature to discuss is duck typing.

Java is strictly or strongly typed language where we need to declare the type of variable.

Ruby has implicit and explicit type conversions.

Lets see what implicit conversion means.

duck typing

Ruby is loosely typed language where it tries to define the type of a variable implicitly as shown above. If it can not infer it it throws an error as below.

undefined local variable or method

Explicit conversion is kind of ruby’s way to type safety. I can try to convert into my expected type. see below.

ruby convert to string

Happy coding!

 

Difference between string and symbol in ruby

Ruby symbol and string does the same thing except symbol is more efficient in terms of memory and time.

As explained here

Symbol is the most basic Ruby object you can create. It’s just a name and an internal ID. Symbols are useful because a given symbol name refers to the same object throughout a Ruby program. Symbols are more efficient than strings. Two strings with the same contents are two different objects, but for any given name there is only one Symbol object. This can save both time and memory.

ruby string symbol

Therefore, when do we use a string versus a symbol?

  • If the contents (the sequence of characters) of the object are important, use a string
  • If the identity of the object is important, use a symbol.

We can change them to each other like this

puts “string”.to_sym.class # Symbol

puts :symbol.to_s.class    # String

Symbols are particularly useful when creating hashes and you want to have a distinction between keys and values.